The Clean energy for EU islands secretariat is looking forward to participating in the 5th Cretan Energy Conference – International Energy Exhibition of Greece and share our experience in supporting European islands in their clean energy transition.
In cooperation with the European Parliament, the Commission set up a Secretariat to deliver the objectives of the Clean Energy for EU Islands Initiative in 2018. The Secretariat acts as a platform of exchange of best practice project examples for islands’ stakeholders and provides dedicated capacity building and advisory services. The secretariat mainly covers topics related to clean energy such as energy production, Energy efficiency, Heating and cooling, Transport to and from the island, and transport on the island
The Clean energy for EU islands secretariat was created to facilitate the clean energy transition on EU islands with a bottom-up approach. It is built on the vision that to assure the best environment for change, and to benefit all members of the island communities, a balanced collaboration between public and private stakeholders is essential. For this reason, the Secretariat is using the quadruple helix approach, helping citizens, local authorities, local businesses, and academic institutions work together to advance the clean energy transition on their island.
To facilitate the islands’ transition to renewable energy and encourage them to act, the secretariat is organizing various events and activities like workshops, forums, calls for technical assistance or video calls. It not only supports islands in planning and getting funding for projects, but also helps them to promote their projects through its social media channels, newsletters, or events. Connecting islands and giving agency to people who want to transfer their island towards a clean energy future, is one of the secretariat’s goals. Its events provide islands with a chance to explore, shape, and act. They can explore other islands’ ongoing projects or agendas to draw inspiration for their own ambitions. Islands have the opportunity to engage in workshops and in turn finalize or pitch their projects and find investors. During these events and regardless of events, the secretariat provides support to apply for financing or finding investors.
It is especially difficult for islands to create and import energy since they are often not connected to continental electricity grids. This makes energy more expensive than in other regions. Switching to renewables is an important step, not only for the environment, but also for the energy security of islands. There are various possibilities to use an island’s potential for renewable energy technologies such as wind turbines, solar farms, or wave energy.
The secretariat hopes to motivate even more islands to take the first step towards their clean energy transition during the 5th Cretan Clean Energy Conference – International Energy Exhibition of Greece
The international oil companies (IOCs), are still reeling under the impact of low oil and gas prices and massive losses and asset write-offs during 2020. ExxonMobil, under increasing pressure, is considering further spending cuts and even a shake-up of its board.The path to full recovery will be slow and at the end of it, in 2-3 years, the IOCs will be different, placing more emphasis on clean energy and renewables.In the meanwhile, around the East Med, Egypt is forging ahead. It has signed a new exploration agreement with Shell for an offshore block in the Red Sea. This is in addition to the 22 agreements signed during 2020 that included major IOCs such as ExxonMobil, Chevron, Shell, BP, Eni and Total. Moreover, EGPC and EGAS are planning to offer onshore and offshore exploration blocks for bidding in February.
This continuing activity led to the discovery of 47 oil and 15 natural gas fields in 2020, 13% more than in 2019, despite Covid-19.Tareq El-Molla, Egypt’s petroleum minister, signaled earlier this month Egypt’s intention to expand its petrochemicals sector to take advantage of the country’s expanding hydrocarbon resources. Egypt has updated its petrochemical national plan until 2023 to meet the increasing prospects in this industry.
Egypt has also benefited from the recent increase in LNG prices, resuming exports from its liquefaction plant at Idku, with most exports going to China, India and Turkey. The country is also ready to resume exports from its second liquefaction plant at Damietta starting end February. This has been lying idle since 2012 due to disputes that have now been resolved. LNG exports will mainly utilize surplus gas from the Zohr gasfield and possibly imports from Israel, should prices allow it.
In fact, the resumption of LNG exports from Idku relieved some of the pressure on Egypt’s gas market, which is in oversupply partly due to impact of the pandemic, but also due to falling gas demand in Egypt’s power sector and growth in renewable energy.El-Molla, said that Egypt is planning a revival of its LNG exports. But this depends greatly on what happens to global markets and prices.
The International Energy Agency (IEA) said that the Asian LNG demand and price spike in January was a short-term phenomenon and it is not an indicator that global demand will rebound in 2021. The IEA expects only a small recovery in global gas demand this year, after the decline in 2020, partly due to the pandemic. But given ongoing concerns over the pandemic, the rate of gas demand growth will remain uncertain. The IEA said the longer-term future of LNG markets remains challenging.
Gas from Israel
Chevron – having acquired Noble Energy and its interests in the region last year – with Delek and their partners in Israel’s Leviathan and Tamar gasfields, signed an agreement to invest $235million in a new subsea pipeline, expanding existing facilities. According to an announcement by Delek, the pipeline will connect facilities at Israeli city Ashod to the EMG pipeline at Ashkelon, enabling Chevron and its partners to increase gas exports to Egypt to as much as 7billion cubic meters annually (bcm/yr).The partners signed agreements last year to export as much as 85bcm/yr gas to Egypt over a 15 year period. Gas supplies from Israel to Egypt started in January last year.It is not clear at this stage if new agreements will be reached to fully utilize the increased export capacity from Israel to Egypt, but given Egypt’s gas oversupply this may not be likely.These developments, though, show the vulnerability of Cyprus and the weakness of relying on trilateral alliances with Egypt and Israel for its gas exports.
EastMed gas pipeline
This is being kept alive by regional politicians. Only this week, Greece, Cyprus, Israel, Bulgaria, Hungary and Serbia confirmed their support for the EastMed gas pipeline.
While such developments are good politically, bringing like-minded countries around the East Med closer together, they are not sufficient to advance the project. This requires private investment and buyers of the gas in Europe. None of these is forthcoming, because the project is not commercially viable. By the time the gas arrives in Europe it will be too expensive to compete with existing, much cheaper, supplies.
Europe is also moving away from gas and from new gas pipeline projects. Catharina Sikow Magny, Director DG Energy European Commission (EC), covered this at the European Gas Virtual conference on 28 January. Answering the question how much natural gas will the EU need in the future, she said ZERO. She was emphatic that with the EU committed to net zero emissions by 2050, by then there will be zero unabated gas consumed in Europe. In addition, with the EU having increased the emissions reduction target from 40% to 55% by 2030, the use of gas in Europe will be decreasing in order to meet the 2030 and 2050 climate targets. She said that ongoing natural gas projects are expected to be completed by 2022 – with no more needed after that.
With exports to global markets becoming increasingly difficult, there are other regional options to make use of the gas discovered so far around the East Med, including power generation in support of intermittent renewables and petrochemicals, as Egypt is doing. The newly constituted East Med Gas Forum (EMGF) should place these at the heart of its agenda.
What about Cyprus?
Hydrocarbon exploration activities around Cyprus are at a standstill, partly due to the continuing impact of Covid-19, but also due to the dire state of the IOCs and the challenges being faced by the natural gas industry in general.
This lack of activity in resuming offshore exploration may be a blessing, taking the heat off hydrocarbons, while priorities shift to discussions to resolve the Cyprus problem and the Greece-Turkey maritime disputes.
Charles Ellinas writes for the 5th Cretan Energy Conference – International Conference & Exhibition
The automotive industry moving fast towards electromobility. This will
bring dramatic changes to many areas.
Based on EU legislation, the average gas emission for each vehicle manufacturer
for vehicles registered from 1/1/2021 in Europe must be 95 g CO2/km. However,
what does this mean in practice? This means that in order to classify for example a
Mercedes AMG, they should classify at first two EQC, so that the average of the three
vehicles remains below the 95 gr CO2/km.
This will evoke immediate dramatic changes to cars produced and marketed within
the EU. Already, the very small vehicles with a thermal engine are being disappeared,
as, in the average gas emission a weight/difficulty factor is also contained. Peugeot
108, Citroen C1 stopped being manufactured, Smart is now only electric, Fiat Panda
got a hybrid version and Fiat 500 becomes electric.
If we apply the fines provided for the classifications of the new cars who emit more
than 95 gr CO2/km, making business inside EU will become almost unprofitable for
car manufacturers. The only solution left, if they want to stay active, is to pass on the
cost to the buyers.
It seems that all manufacturers will pass on some of the cost of fines to consumers,
the new car will become much more expensive and only wealthy people will be able
to buy it. Trends such as car sharing in combination with autonomous driving will
become more popular for people. Nowadays, in Athens, vehicles are parked/stacked
in traffic at 90% of their time. Imagine Athens with far fewer cars, which would be
electric, autonomous, constantly in circulation and they could communicate not only
with each other (V2V) but also with the infrastructure (V2G). Is it a science fiction
script? Do you know that in Trikala, there are two autonomous electric buses, which
transfer passengers, and they do not need a driver?
According to car manufacturers who are already preparing for the new,
completely different automobility form, in a decade, about 40% of new vehicles will
plugged in. Whether we talk about hybrid or electric vehicles, manufacturers have
decided to direct many of their investments in the development of batteries and
electric engines. In almost all the countries of the Western world, the percentage of
electric cars in circulation is increasing, reaching in some of them a double-digit
market share. This trend will raise in the following years when the European capitals
and major cities adopt the EU directive and prohibit the circulation of vehicles
emitting more than 50 gr CO2/ km in their center. The European logic "polluter pays"
that is currently in force on the traffic charges of the new cars will be renamed as
"polluter circuits limitedly ".How far are we from all these in Greece? When you see a
taxi with a Euro 2 specification, purchased in 2003-2004, leaving a black smoke
behind every time the driver speeds up, it is hard to believe that this is possible in
Athens. However, this day is no more than five years away.
With the Athens’ road network designed for 1.5 million vehicles, while today
there are the twice number of cars circulating, it is crucial for our lives to take action
to reduce pollution, noise pollution and traffic. Citizens' health and the corresponding
reduction in spending combined with saving on fossil fuels is great. Imagine a 20-
year-old SUV with three differentials and permanent four-wheel drive downtown,
next to a similar state-of-the-art plug-in hybrid model, whose thermal engine does not
run in urban areas.
PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle), BEV (Battery Electric Vehicle), Mild
Hybrid Electric Vehicle or HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicle) pollute less or not at all,
where they circulate but they do pollute! The key question is how much they pollute
overall, in relation to vehicles using oil or gas thermal engine (ICE). A question that
takes on a completely different dimension in our country until we deregulated from
lignite. The automobility changes will be dramatic in the next few years.
Mechanical Engineer – Journalist – Chairman of the Organizing Committee of Motor Sports Organizations
Greece has an old connection with Hydrocarbons. More than 2500 years ago, Herodotus mentions the famous oil seep in Keri Zakynthos that still brings oil to the surface.
However, this connection is not only an old history. Besides the still producing Prinos Oil field and the verified West Katakolo Oil and Gas field, the recent exploration activity has been producing interest in the Hellenic Hydrocarbons sector.
Oil & Gas exploration had started before the 2nd World War and intensified in late 70s to late 90s. A new turn was taken after 2015, the collection of some new data had been completed and new theories were proposed. International oil companies (e.g. TOTAL, ExxonMobil, Repsol, Edison), proceeded in several ventures in Greece and Helpe Upstream became an attractive partner.
Western Greece, both onshore and offshore, seems to have many analogs to the well-established Hydrocarbon provinces of Albania and Italy. In addition, following the recent discoveries in our broader region, blocks around Crete were also permitted in which Total, Exxon and Hellenic Petroleum will be exploring deep water plays.
Greece is still considered an under explored area although more than 70,000 km of 2D and 2,000 km2 of 3D seismic lines have been acquired in addition to about 100 wells that have been drilled. However, recent technology developments allow exploration to move to deeper waters in an economic manner, if there is promising prospectivity.
Greece, apart from being a hydrocarbons-promising area has also a strategic location in the middle of Mediterranean. It is in the crossroads for transporting gas, from the current or future producing fields in the Caspian and the Eastern Mediterranean, to Western Europe. IGB (Gas Interconnector Greece with Bulgaria), Poseidon, TAP and East-Med are in different stages of activity linking Greece and W. Europe with all producing regions in proximity and provide potential leverage for potential developments in the regions of Western Greece and Crete.
Oil & Gas remains a key element of the energy mix though the discussion on climate change continues and the costs for deploying renewable energy have been declining. Natural gas is the transitional fuel, as we move away from coal and trend towards renewables. Electric vehicles are making inroads in selected markets but not yet to on large scale globally. Oil remains the main fuel for all other modes of transportation and petrochemicals with no real alternatives in the foreseeable future.
Imposed mainly by climate change, the upcoming modifications in the way we produce, distribute, store and consume energy constitute perhaps the greatest technological challenge of our time. Almost all of science and engineering converge in energy technologies, which is why it will be the focus of research activity and the main field of innovation in the years to come.
It is generally admitted that our country has the privilege of possessing a wealth of energy potential. However, we are lagging significantly behind in its exploitation and must move rapidly towards energy transformation, by strengthening our infrastructure and adopting innovative models of production and consumption. There is a range of challenges that we will have to face, especially due to the fact that we are launching from a particularly negative starting point with regard to the existing production and distribution assets.
Crete, in particular, having until now had an autonomous power system and major requirements especially during the summer months, constitutes an extremely urgent priority: in order to offer 1 Kwh of electricity for consumption today, 2.9 KwH of primary energy are needed, with obvious consequences for national economy and the environment.
At the same time, the rich solar and wind energy potential of the island cannot be exploited, due to the regulatory restrictions imposed by a failure of interconnection of the island with the continental network. Worse still, a significant part of the existing Renewable Energy Sources production is discarded and not exploited. This can change with the upcoming interconnections implemented by the Independent Power Transmission Operator, as well as by making use of storage technologies.
Today we have a unique opportunity: we can turn the island into a living laboratory of energy technologies. With excellent research institutes – which in some cases lead European programmes for energy transformation – Crete can and should set an example of successful application of production, management and energy saving technologies:
With the implementation of smart grids and the extensive installation of smart meters in order to reduce needs during peak periods, through demand response technologies and IT know-how exploitation.
By transforming urban centres into smart cities using intelligent energy management and energy infrastructure improvement systems combined with water management and agricultural production systems.
Utilizing energy storage and management technologies in conjunction with the introduction of electric vehicles (Vehicle to Grid – Grid to Vehicle).
Through energy upgrading of the building stock with an emphasis on tourism and hospitality and the promotion of zero energy balance buildings and zero energy emissions.
By reducing the urban heat island effect, which in turn can lead to a drastic reduction in energy demand during the summer season.
Key reform directions of the current political leadership of the Ministry of Education in the field of higher education are to improve the quality of education and relevance to the labour market, as well as the transfer of knowledge generated in universities to the real economy. In this context, the 5th Pancretan Energy Conference gives the opportunity to the Higher Education Institutes of the country to participate in the dialogue on the energy developments in our region and to highlight their action and research results.
The Ministry for Energy and Water Management in Malta looks forward to the upcoming 5th Cretan Energy Conference 2020 as a platform that will give us the opportunity to share information and insights in the energy sector; particularly at this time, where energy and climate issues are at the forefront of political and societal debate both at an EU and at a global level.
In Malta, the government’s main focus is to provide citizens and businesses with affordable sustainable and secure forms of energy which in itself is a reflection of the overarching policy fundamentals of the EU Energy Union. Over recent years, Malta has seen an overhaul in its energy sector, moving away from the use of heavy fuel oil for electricity generation towards the use of LNG in gas-fired power plants. Maintaining a diversified energy mix; reducing carbon footprint and greenhouse gas emissions through improved efficiency in generation capacity; strengt
hening the security of supply of the country wh
ilst ensuring the availability of appropriate back up capacity; achieving a degree of interconnection for electricity supply and overhauling the generation capacity of the country with a view to achieving higher efficiency gains remain crucial for the island.
In line with the obligations of the Governance Regulation, Malta developed its first National Energy and Climate plan in 2019, which serves as a strategic planning framework and policy document that will guide Malta’s contribution to achieving the Energy Union’s 2030 objectives and targets, whilst identifying those measures necessary for their achievement during the period until 2030, with an outlook until 2040. The plan provides a clear path for Malta to attain the overarching objectives of a sustainable, affordable and secure energy system which needs to follow a decarbonisation trajectory, whilst recognising the inherent challenges and opportunities brought about by national specificities such as spatial constraints, high population density, and a mild Mediterranean climate. This calls for specific solutions, which may also depend on further technological and cost developments.
Energy efficiency, which is one of the main drivers of our energy policy is being complemented by various government incentives. Malta recognises the importance of investing in and stimulating renewable energy sources and continuing to support the exploitation of viable indigenous sources. Government increased its efforts to support the deployment of renewable energy, especially photovoltaics, solar water heaters and heat pump water heaters, which are particularly w
ell suited to Malta’s climate. The Government extended its current policy framework in the area of Renewables for the period until 2030, whilst providing new initiatives tailored to local specificities and acknowledging the technical, geographical and spatial barriers limiting renewable energy potential. Malta is also assessing innovative and cost-effective solutions to increase energy system flexibility, such as the deployment of energy storage solutions, which would be necessary to compensate for the increased deployment of renewables.
Whist it is acknowledged that Mediterranean countries already cooperate in various sectors, there is undoubtedly room for closer ties to exploit opportunities for growth based on sustainable development. In this regard, Malta already actively participates in initiatives taken under the aegis of the Union for the Mediterranean, and is convinced that by sharing resources, including both physical, technology and knowledge, it is possible to achieve better and quicker results. This would also make it possible to address specific challenges being faced by individual countries such as rapid
increase in energy demand, air quality issues and network constraints.
We are all witness to the results obtained through effective collaboration on gas exploration and transmission in the East Med. Similar collaboration hubs can surely produce similar results. It is therefore important that existing fora are strengthened to act as the necessary platform for future collaboration.
Israel and Greece are among the most crucial pillars of stability in the eastern Mediterranean region. The relationship between the two countries has developed much since the upgrading of relations to full diplomatic; its 30th anniversary recently marked by the two governments.
Over the last 10 years under successive different Greek Governments, we have developed much intense and deeper cooperation in different spheres. The strong bilateral relations lay a solid foundation to trilateral cooperation frameworks as we have between Israel – Greece – Cyprus.
The recent Government-to-Government Summit which took place in Jerusalem in mid-June 2020 is a clear reaffirmation of the importance both countries attribute to furthering cooperation on multiple levels, such as cyber, agrotech, defense, energy, environment, high tech, R&D and more.
The exchanges and openness on both sides is a clear indication of both countries’ interest and commitment to advance cooperation and materialize the good will and potential for mutual benef it and common good.
Our energy cooperation is a cornerstone in the strategic relations, which provides an historic opportunity for our two countries to leverage our partnership into economic boost and strengthen our national security, while providing Europe with another source of energy.
Two energy projects at the moment are of utmost importance to both nations; the East Med Pipeline and the Euro-Asia Interconnector.
Both Israel and Greece are committed to the projects and share a common perception of their significance to our economies and our strategic position vis a vis the region and Europe.
The East Med Pipeline is a vision that has been discussed and examined over many years. Though still a dream, we believe it is within reach. The project is challenging, technically and otherwise, but has now reached the point where it is calling for our concerted efforts; we shouldn’t waste time. I am certain the Greek and Israeli governments will work hard through diplomatic channels and international diplomatic efforts to ensure this vision’s success.
As a Project of Common Interest (PCI) of the EU, the East Med Pipeline ensures the diversification of energy sources for Europe.
The Euro Asia Interconnector is another leading European Project of Common Interest (PCI) labelled as an EU “electricity highway” connecting the national electricity grids of Israel, Cyprus and Crete-Attica, Greece through a 1,518km subsea cable. It can securely supply electricity produced by the gas reserves of Cyprus and Israel, as well as from the available Renewable Energy Sources (RES).
In addition, it ends the energy isolation of Cyprus. As an EU member state, Cyprus is the last state that remains fully isolated without any electricity or gas interconnections.
Energy cooperation between Israel and Greece will serve as yet another bridge between both countries and as a major national strategic asset furthering our mutual security. Energy cooperation between our two countries is a guarantee for a more stable and prosperous East Mediterranean. The international community support of those projects will make our region safer.
The article was written as part of the 5th Cretan Energy Conference / International Conference & Exhibition
Armed with the ambition to put Greece at the forefront of the fight for climate
change, allied with legislation that paves the way for achieving the goal of carbon
neutrality, the European Union is promoting a strategy for sustainable
development as described in the “Green Deal” text.
This ambition is reinforced almost by all unanimously of the E.U Member States,
which in turn allows the EU. to pursue the success of all its binding goals. Member
States should contribute to their achievement through the implementation of National
Energy and Climate Plans. Greece is at the forefront and is actively involved in this
process, as it has already submitted both its own National Plan for Energy and
Climate and the Long-Term Strategy for the year 2050.
NECP is now the main pillar of strategy for our country. Its main goals are summed
up in the penetration of Renewable Energy Sources(RES) by 35%, energy savings by
38%, the additional reduction of GHG emissions of 10 Mton (megatons) CO2 and the
increase in the classification of electric vehicles by up to 30% by 2030.
At the same time, achieving these goals opens new perspectives for the country’s
economy, as it presupposes the inflow of large investments.
In this light, we expect an increase in investment flows to reach up to the level of € 44
billion, of which about 9 billion will be allocated for electricity generation from
Renewable Energy Sources, another 5.5 billion will be required for the development
of electricity network infrastructure, while another € 11 billion will be allocated for
energy efficiency measures. For RES, we estimate that € 12.6 billion will emerge in
the form of an increase in domestic value-added, another 4.8 billion. as an increase in
the income of the workers, while, finally, for the energy upgrade of the buildings, 8.1
billion emerge. and 3.4 billion respectively.
At this point, special mention should be made of the government’s strategy to stop
relying on lignite as a form of fuel, which is expected to be completed by 2028,
which is one of the most strategically important moves of our country towards
achieving a cleaner and more “green” economy until 2030.The goal of no longer
using brown coal will require a bold shift in the use of natural
gas, which has been described internationally as the “fuel-bridge” to the energy transition
and the zero-carbon economy.
However, at this point, it should be noted that the European Regulation Plan for the
programming period 2021-2027, largely excludes the eligibility of natural gas
infrastructure projects, in terms of funding from the current NSRF 2021-2027, which
is a challenge and a justified reflection. Greece has been quick to submit specific proposals
to the Brussels authorities, with the ultimate goal of revising this decision, taking into
account – among other things -that new infrastructure is maturing at this stage,
such as FSRU Alexandroupolis or theUGS of Kavala contributes to the diversification
of energy sources and the strengthening of Europe’s supply security.
Greece is also particularly outspoken on cross-border hydrocarbon transport issues,
which boost energy security.
The TAP pipeline, which will soon be completed, but also new ambitious projects,
such as the East Med Pipeline whose intergovernmental agreement was recently
submitted for ratification by Parliament, gave a new impetus to Greece’s role in the
The cooperation with all the states of the region is a constant pursuit of the
government of Kyriakos Mitsotakis and in particular of the Ministry of Environment
and Energy. I am very happy to be involved in this project, a promising organisation
such as the East Med Gas Forum based in Egypt, which can become a “game-
changer” of the SE area of the Mediterranean.
In closing, I believe that the 5th Cretan Energy Conference will be an opportunity
for further dialogue and exchange of views on the energy events in our region, in
which Greece is claiming an active and decisive role.
Alexandra Sdoukou is General Secretary of Energy & Mineral Resources at the
Ministry of Environment and Energy.
The article was written as part of the 5th Cretan Energy Conference /
International Conference & Exhibition.
Με όπλο τη φιλοδοξία της να τεθεί στην εμπροσθοφυλακή της μάχης για την κλιματική αλλαγή, και με σύμμαχο τη νομοθεσία που ανοίγει το δρόμο για την επίτευξη του στόχου της ουδετερότητας του άνθρακα, η Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση προωθεί τη στρατηγικής για τη βιώσιμη ανάπτυξη όπως αυτή περιγράφεται στο κείμενο της «Πράσινης Συμφωνίας». Η φιλοδοξία αυτή ενδυναμώνεται από τη σχεδόν ομόφωνη στάση των κρατών-μελών, κάτι που επιτρέπει στην Ε.Ε. να επιδιώξει την ευόδωση όλων των δεσμευτικών στόχων της. Τα κράτη-μέλη έχουν την υποχρέωση να συμβάλλουν για την επίτευξή τους μέσω της εφαρμογής Εθνικών Σχεδίων για την Ενέργεια και το Κλίμα (ΕΣΕΚ). Η Ελλάδα βρίσκεται στην πρώτη γραμμή και συμμετέχει δυναμικά σε αυτή τη διαδικασία, καθώς έχει ήδη υποβάλλει τόσο το δικό της ΕΣΕΚ, όσο και τη Μακροχρόνια Στρατηγική για το έτος 2050.
Το ΕΣΕΚ αποτελεί πλέον το βασικό πυλώνα στρατηγικής για την χώρα μας. Οι κύριοι στόχοι του συνοψίζονται στη διείσδυση των ΑΠΕ σε ποσοστό 35%, την εξοικονόμηση ενέργειας σε ποσοστό 38%, στην επιπρόσθετη μείωση εκπομπών GHG της τάξης των 10Mton (μεγατόνων) CO2 και στην αύξηση των ταξινομήσεων ηλεκτρικών οχημάτων σε ποσοστό μέχρι 30% έως το 2030.
Η επίτευξη των εν λόγω στόχων διανοίγει ταυτόχρονα νέες προοπτικές για την οικονομία της χώρας, αφού προϋποθέτει την εισροή μεγάλων επενδύσεων, Υπό αυτό το πρίσμα, αναμένουμε αλλά και προσδοκούμε την αύξηση των επενδυτικών ροών στα επίπεδα των 44 δισ. €, εκ των οποίων περί τα 9 δισ. θα κατανεμηθούν για την ηλεκτροπαραγωγή από Ανανεώσιμες Πηγές Ενέργειας, άλλα 5,5 δισ. θα απαιτηθούν για την ανάπτυξη υποδομών δικτύων ηλεκτρισμού, ενώ ακόμη 11 δισ. € θα κατανεμηθούν για μέτρα ενεργειακής απόδοσης. Για ΑΠΕ εκτιμάμε ότι θα προκύψουν 12,6 δισ. € υπό τη μορφή αύξησης της εγχώριας προστιθέμενης αξίας, άλλα 4,8 δις. ως αύξηση του εισοδήματος των εργαζομένων, ενώ, τέλος, για την ενεργειακή αναβάθμιση των κτιρίων προκύπτουν 8,1δισ. και 3,4 δισ. αντίστοιχα.Στο σημείο αυτό πρέπει να γίνει ειδική μνεία στη στρατηγική της κυβέρνησης για την απολιγνιτοποίηση, που αναμένεται να έχει ολοκληρωθεί έως το 2028, γεγονός που αποτελεί μια από τις πιο σημαντικές, στρατηγικά, κινήσεις της χώρας μας προς την κατεύθυνση της επίτευξης μιας καθαρής και πιο «πράσινης» οικονομίας έως το 2030.Ο στόχος της απολιγνιτοποίησης θα απαιτήσει μια γενναία στροφή στη χρήση του φυσικού αερίου, το οποίο έχει χαρακτηριστεί διεθνώς ως το «καύσιμο-γέφυρα» προς την ενεργειακή μετάβαση και την οικονομία μηδενικού άνθρακα.
Όμως, στο σημείο αυτό θα πρέπει να επισημανθεί ότι το Ευρωπαϊκό Σχέδιο Κανονισμού για την προγραμματική περίοδο 2021-2027, αποκλείει σε πολύ μεγάλο βαθμό την επιλεξιμότητα έργων υποδομών φυσικού αερίου, όσον αφορά στη χορήγηση κονδυλίων από το τρέχον ΕΣΠΑ 2021-2027, γεγονός που προκαλεί τον δικαιολογημένο προβληματισμό μας.Η Ελλάδα έχει σπεύσει να υποβάλει συγκεκριμένες προτάσεις στα αρμόδια όργανα των Βρυξελλών, με απώτερο σκοπό την αναθεώρηση αυτής της απόφασης, λαμβάνοντας υπόψη – μεταξύ άλλων – ότι νέες υποδομές που τελούν σε στάδιο ωρίμανσης, στην παρούσα φάση, όπως το FSRU Αλεξανδρούπολης ή η Υπόγεια Αποθήκη Φυσικού Αερίου της Καβάλας, συντελούν στην διαφοροποίηση των πηγών ενέργειας και στην ενίσχυση της ασφάλειας εφοδιασμού της Ευρώπης.
Η Ελλάδα επιδεικνύει επίσης ιδιαίτερη εξωστρέφεια στα ζητήματα της διασυνοριακής μεταφοράς υδρογονανθράκων, που ενισχύουν την ενεργειακή ασφάλεια και ασφάλεια εφοδιασμού. Ο αγωγός TAP που σύντομα θα ολοκληρωθεί, αλλά και νέα φιλόδοξα project, όπως ο αγωγός East Med Pipeline, του οποίου η διακρατική συμφωνία κατατέθηκε πρόσφατα προς κύρωση από τη Βουλή, προσδίδουν μια νέα δυναμική στο ρόλο της Ελλάδας στη ΝΑ Μεσόγειο. Η συνεργασία μας με όλα τα κράτη της περιοχής αποτελεί σταθερή επιδίωξη της κυβέρνησης του Κυριάκου Μητσοτάκη αλλά και ειδικότερα του Υπουργείου Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας. Προσωπικά είμαι ιδιαίτερα χαρούμενη που συμμετέχω στις εργασίες ενός πολλά υποσχόμενου οργανισμού όπως το East Med Gas Forum με έδρα την Αίγυπτο, το οποίο μπορεί να αναδειχθεί σε «game changer» για την περιοχή της ΝΑ Μεσογείου.
Κλείνοντας, θεωρώ ότι το 5ο Παγκρήτιο Ενεργειακό Συνέδριο θα αποτελέσει μια ευκαιρία περαιτέρω διαλόγου και ανταλλαγής απόψεων για τα ενεργειακά δρώμενα της περιοχής μας, στα οποία η Ελλάδα διεκδικεί ενεργό και αποφασιστικό ρόλο.
* Η Αλεξάνδρα Σδούκου είναι Γενική Γραμματέας Ενέργειας & Ορυκτών Πρώτων Υλών στο Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας.
Το άρθρο γράφτηκε στα πλαίσια του 5ου Παγκρήτιου Ενεργειακού Συνεδρίου / InternationalConference & Exhibition.
We are honored to invite you in the first International Energy Exhibition in Greece. The 5th Cretan Energy Conference is organized under the auspices of Ministry of Environment and Energy, Ministry of Shipping and Insular Policy and the support of Region of Crete. For the first time among the last conferences, CretanEnergyConferences is organizing an International Energy Exhibition at Crete. Institutions, Academical organizations, Companies and the public are going to have the opportunity to access the Conference, the Exhibition and the Workshops for free.
Registrations are open, for additional information please contact us.
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